A meta-analysis of 21 studies concluded that using assessment rubrics for formative learning can be effective for improving performance and self-regulation by increasing transparency, reducing anxiety, and encouraging reflection.
Howell Jackson, James S. Reid Jr. Professor of Law, experiments with end-of-semester exams and writing assignments to create opportunities for meaningful, formative feedback through skills practice, reflection, and peer collaboration.
Jelani Nelson, Assistant Professor of Computer Science, assigns students real programming problems in his introductory algorithm courses, CS124 Data Structures and Algorithms and CS125 Algorithms & Complexity. Students write and test their coded solutions to practice problems via an open server on the course website and receive immediate feedback on their work.
A literature review contends that formative feedback—information communicated to the learner that is meant to modify their thinking or behavior in order to improve learning—should be objective, timely, and specific. Certain variations of formative feedback (e.g., delivery, complexity) will be...
Logan McCarty, Director of Physical Sciences Education, and Louis Deslauriers, Director of Science Teaching and Learning, adopted an active pedagogy for a large introductory physics course and saw significant gains in student learning and attitudes. Assessment played a role every step of the way.
HILT grant recipient Beth Altringer (SEAS) discusses her team-driven course “The Innovator’s Practice” which involves students in a continuous creation and feedback cycle as they pursue the development of entrepreneurial ideas.
Grading and feedback are among the most powerful ways in which teachers communicate with students. They are interconnected tools for teachers to express what they think students should be learning, and for helping students make progress toward those goals......
One randomized study showed that students assigned to receive compliments preferred this experience to those assigned to feedback designed to enhance performance, despite the fact that students in the latter group performed distinctly better.
When Dr. Keith Baker, Associate Professor of Anaesthesia at Harvard Medical School and Director of the Anesthesia Residency Program at Massachusetts General Hospital, gives medical residents feedback, he emphasizes a “learning orientation” (where the goal is mastery), rather than a “performance orientation” (where the goal is validation of abilities).