Elizabeth Papp Kamali, Assistant Professor of Law, wants to ensure that students contribute consistently throughout the semester: "A student can get into a rut if they don't participate in those first few classes, and it can be very difficult to break that cycle." She uses different models to encourage participation—for example, the Socratic method in larger introductory courses and student-led discussion in smaller seminars—often asking students to adopt non-mainstream arguments.
See Professor Todd Rakoff challenge students to wrestle with legal concepts in groups first, to yield a more cogent, interactive class discussion in an Instructional Moves video from the Harvard Graduate School of Education.
Canvas discussions provides an option that requires students to post replies to a discussion before seeing others’ responses, which can encourage original thinking and prevent a dominant voice from discouraging other responses.
Dr. Carl Novina, Associate Professor of Medicine, and his co-instructor Shannon Turley, amended the traditional graduate seminar Critical Reading for Immunology to teach students comprehension and presentation skills essential to a career in biomedical science. To introduce a topic, students read research papers and present a focused background on the field the paper sought to advance. Then, rather than discussing the paper linearly, students select a key figure that best highlighted the main point. Throughout the semester,students revisit central points of papers and diagram them on the white board—“an effective means to help students better process... Read more about Identifying knowledge gaps through illustrations